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Separate Articles to the Treaty of Shimonoseki relating to Weihaiwei

Signed at Shimonoseki 17 April 1895

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Li Hung-chang, senior statesman and plenipotentiary of the Emperor of China at Shimonoseki

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Article 1

    The Japanese military forces which are, under Article 7 of the Treaty of Peace signed this day, to temporarily occupy Weihaiwei shall not exceed one brigade; and from the date of the exchange of the ratifications of the said Treaty of Peace China shall pay annually one-quarter of the amount of the expenses of such temporary occupation, that is to say, at the rate of 500,000 Kuping taels per annum.


Article 2

    The territory temporarily occupied at Weihaiwei shall comprise the islands of Liu-kung and a belt of land 5 Japanese ri wide along the entire coastline of the Bay of Weihaiwei.
    No Chinese troops shall be permitted to approach or occupy any places within a zone of 5 Japanese ri wide beyond the boundaries of the occupied territory.


Article 3

   The civil administration of the occupied territory shall remain in the hands of the Chinese authorities. But such authorities shall at all times be obliged to conform to the orders which the Commander of the Japanese army of occupation may deem it necessary to give in the interest of the health, maintainence, security, distribution, or discipline of the troops.
    All military offences committed within the occupied territory shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the Japanese military authorities.
    The forgoing Separate Articles shall have the same force, value and effect as if they had been word for word inserted in the Treaty of Peace signed this day.
    In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same and affixed thereto the seal of their arms.
    Done in Shimonoseki, in duplicate, this 17th day of the 4th month of the 28th year of MEIJI, corresponding to the 23rd day of the 3rd month of the 21st year of KUANG H.


Count ITO HIROBUMI,    [L.S.]
Junii, Grand Cross of the Imperial Order of Paullownia
Minister President of State
Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the Emperor of Japan

Viscount MUTSU MUNEMITSU,    [L.S.]
Junii, First Class of the Imperial Order of the Sacred Treasure
Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the Emperor of Japan

Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the Emperor of China
Senior Tutor to the Heir Apparent
Senior Grand Secretary of State
Minister Superintendent of Trade for the Northern Ports of China
Viceroy of the province of Chili
Earl of the First Rank

Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the Emperor of China
Ex-Minister of the Diplomatic Service, of the Second Official Rank


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Source: Treaties between China and Foreign States. Second Edition (Shanghai: by order of the Inspector General of Customs, 1917), vol. 2, pp. 597-598. Special thanks to Mr. Kenneth Choy for providing this material.