Accepting the terms set forth in the Declaration issued by the Heads of the
Governments of the United States, Great Britain, and China on July 26th, 1945 at Potsdam and subsequently adhered to by the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics, We have commanded the Japanese Imperial Government and the Japanese
Imperial General Headquarters to sign on Our behalf the Instrument
of Surrender presented by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers and to issue
General Orders to the Military and Naval Forces in accordance with the direction of the
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers.
We command all Our people forthwith to cease hostilities, to lay down their
arms and faithfully to carry out all the provisions of Instrument of Surrender and the
General Orders issued by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters hereunder.
article, here is what Japan agreed to do under the terms of the surrender:
First, adopt all provisions of the Potsdam Declaration.
Second, surrender unconditionally all armed forces.
Third, cease hostilities forthwith and preserve and save from damage all
ships, aircraft and military and civil property.
Fourth, command Imperial General Headquarters to issue orders to all field
commanders everywhere to surrender their forces unconditionally.
Fifth, see that all civil, military, and naval officials obey and enforce all
orders of the Supreme Allied Commander.
Sixth, responsible Japanese controlled military and civil authorities will
hold intact and in good condition, pending further instructions from the Supreme Commander
for Allied Powers, the following:
A - All arms, ammunitions, military equipment, stores, and supplies and other
implements of war of all kinds and all other war material (except as specifically
prescribed in Condition 4 of this order).
B - All land, water, and air transportation and communication facilities and
C - All military installations and establishments, including airfields,
seaplane bases, anti-aircraft defences, ports and naval bases, storage depots, permanent
and temporary land and coast fortifications, fortresses and other fortified areas,
together with plans and drawings of all such fortifications, installations and
D - All factories, shops, research institutions, laboratories, testing
stations, technical data, patterns, plans, drawings, and inventions designed or intended
to produce or to facilitate production or use of all implements of war and other material
and property used by or intended for use by any military or part military organization in
connection with its operations.
Seventh, Japanese Imperial General Headquarters shall furnish to the Supreme
Commander for the Allied Powers (within time limit of receipt of this order) a complete
list of all items specified in Paragraph B and D of Sixth above indicating numbers, types
and locations of each.
Eighth, manufacture and distribution of all arms, ammunition and implements of war
will cease forthwith.
Ninth, with respect to United Nations prisoners of war and civilian internees
in the hands of the Japanese or Japanese controlled authorities:
A - The safety and well being of all United Nations prisoners of war and
civilian internees will be scrupulously preserved to include administrative and supply
service essential to provide adequate food, shelter, clothing, and medical care until such
responsibility is undertaken by the Supreme Commander for
the Allied Powers.
B - Each camp or other place of detention of United Nations prisoners of war
and civilian internees, together with its equipment, records, arms, and ammunition will be
delivered immediately to the command of the senior officer designated as the
representative of prisoners of war and civilian internees.
As directed by
the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, prisoners of war and civilian internees will
be transported to places of safety where they can be accepted by Allied authorities.
D - Japanese Imperial General Headquarters will furnish to the Supreme
Commander for the Allied Powers (within time limit of the receipt of this order) complete
lists of all United Nations prisoners of war and civilian internees, indicating their
Tenth, all Japanese and Japanese-controlled military and civil authorities
shall aid and assist the occupation of Japanese-controlled areas by forces of the Allied
Eleventh, Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and appropriate Japanese
officials shall be prepared, on instructions from Allied occupation commanders, to collect
and deliver all arms in the possession of the Japanese civilian population.
Twelfth, this and all subsequent instructions issued by the Supreme Commander
for the Allied Forces or other Allied military authorities will be scrupulously and
promptly obeyed by Japanese and Japanese-controlled military and civil officials and
Any delay or failure to comply with the provisions of this or subsequent orders and
any action which the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers determines to be detrimental
to the Allied Powers will incur drastic and summary punishment at the hands of the Allied
military authorities and the Japanese Government.
This second day of the ninth
month of the twentieth year of SHOWA.
| Seal of the Empire |
Signed: H I R O H I T O
Countersigned: Naruhiko O
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Home Affairs
Minister of Finance
Minister of War
Minister of Navy
Minister of Justice
Minister of Education
Minister of Welfare
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry
Minister of Commerce and Industry
Minister of Transportation
Minister without Portfolio
Minister without Portfolio
Minister without Portfolio