Act of Surrender - China Theatre
9 September 1945
The formal Japanese surrender in the China
Theatre took place in a simple 20 minute ceremony in the auditorium of the Central
Military Academy in Nanking at 09:00 on 9 September 1945. General Ho Ying-chen,
Commander-in-Chief of the Chinese Army, and Lieut. Gen. Okamura Yasutsugu, Commander of
the Japanese Forces in Central China, represented their respective governments.
Immediately following the signing of the Act of Surrender, General Ho handed Order No. 1 of Generalissimo Chiang to Lieut. Gen. Okamura as a
supplement to the Act of Surrender.
ACT OF SURRENDER
The Emperor of Japan, the Japanese government and the
Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, having recognized the complete military defeat of
the Japanese military forces by the Allied forces and having surrendered unconditionally
to the Supreme Commander for the Allied powers, having directed by his general order no.1
that the senior commanders and all ground, sea, air and auxiliary forces within China
excluding Manchuria, Formosa and French Indo-China north of 16 degrees north latitude
shall surrender to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.
We, the Japanese Commanders of all Japanese forces and
auxiliaries in the areas named above, also recognizing the complete military defeat of the
Japanese military forces by the Allied forces, hereby surrender unconditionally all of the
forces under our command to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.
All the Japanese forces hereby surrendered will cease hostilities and will
remain at the stations they now occupy. They
are now non-combatant troops and in due course will be demobilized. They will assemble,
preserve without damage, and turn over to the forces specified by Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-shek, all arms, ammunition, equipment, supplies, records, information and other assets
of any kind belonging to the Japanese forces. Pending
specific instructions, all Japanese aircraft, naval units, and merchant ships in the areas
named above will be held without damage where they are at present located.
All the Allied prisoners of war and civilian internees now
under Japanese control in the areas named above will be liberated at once and the Japanese
forces will provide protection, care, maintenance, and transportation to places as
Henceforth, all the Japanese forces, hereby surrendered,
will be subject to the control of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Their movements and activities will be dictated by
him, and they will obey only the orders and proclamations issued, or authorised, by him,
or the orders of their Japanese commanders based upon his instructions.
This act of surrender and all subsequent orders and
proclamations of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek to the surrender forces will be issued at
once to the appropriate subordinate commanders and forces and it will be the
responsibility of all Japanese commanders and forces to see that such proclamations and
orders are immediately and completely complied with.
any failure or delay, by any member of the forces surrendered hereby to act in accordance
with this act of surrender or future orders or proclamations of the Generalissimo, he will
summarily and drastically punish both the violator and his responsible commanders.