This is order No. 1 of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek to the Japanese forces in China,
excluding Manchuria, Formosa, and French Indo-China north of 16 degrees of north latitude,
which were surrendered under the act of 9 September 1945. This
order supplements the acts of surrender to the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers and
his General Order No. 1.
The Japanese Commanders surrendering the Japanese forces in the areas named above will
issue the following order to and insure compliance of such order by all forces under their
Emperor of Japan, the Japanese government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters
have recognized complete military defeat of the Japanese military forces by the Allied
forces and have surrendered unconditionally all Japanese forces to the Allied Powers.
the Japanese ground, sea, air, and auxiliary forces within China, excluding Manchuria,
Formosa and Indo-China north of 16 degrees of north latitude, have been surrendered
unconditionally to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and henceforth all such surrendered
Japanese forces will be subject to the control of the Generalissimo. Their movements and activities will be dictated by
him, and they will obey only orders or proclamations issued or authorized by him, or
orders of their Japanese commanders based upon his instructions.
surrendered Japanese forces are now non-combatant troops and all hostilities will cease. All such Japanese forces will remain at the
stations they now occupy and await further orders from the Generalissimo. They will assemble, preserve without damage, and
turn over to forces specified by the Generalissimo all arms, ammunition, equipment,
supplies, records, information and assets of any kind belonging to the Japanese forces and
Japanese aircraft, naval units and merchant ships in the areas named above will be held
without damage where they are at present located, except those stated in the
Generalissimos proclamation No. 1. Boats on the Yangtze will be assembled at Ichang. Explosives aboard vessels will be removed
immediately to safe storage ashore.
of the Japanese military units and civilian auxiliaries will maintain discipline and order
and will be responsible for the behaviour of their troops.
They will see that their forces do not harm or molest inhabitants, or pillage,
loot, or bring unauthorized damage to their property.
respect to the United Nations prisoners of war and civilian internees in the hands of the
Japanese or Japanese controlled authorities:
safety and well being of all United Nations prisoners of war and civilian internees will
be scrupulously preserved, to include the administrative and supply services essential to
provide adequate food, shelter, clothing, and medical care until such responsibility is
undertaken by the Generalissimo or his authorized representatives.
camp or other place of detention of United Nations prisoners of war and civilian internees
together with its equipment, stores, records, arms, and ammunition will be delivered
immediately to the command of the senior officer or designated representative of the
prisoners of war and civilian internees.
directed by the Generalissimo, or his duly authorized representatives, prisoners of war
and civilian internees will be transported to places of safety where they can be accepted
by Allied authorities.
Supreme Headquarters in China, Formosa and Indochina of each of the Japanese military
forces and auxiliaries which have surrendered to the Generalissimo will furnish him within
time limit of this order, complete lists' of all United Nations prisoners of war and
civilian internees indicating their location.
further orders the Japanese forces surrendered to the Generalissimo will continue to
operate their lines of services and supply essential to provide food, clothing, medical
and other subsistence supplies to feed and supply their own forces and persons for whom
they are responsible.
Japanese or Japanese controlled military and civil authorities will insure that:
All Japanese mines and
minefields and other obstacles to movement by land, sea, and air, wherever located will be
removed according to instructions of the Generalissimo or his representatives.
safety lanes are to be kept open and clearly marked pending accomplishment of the above.
land, water, and air transportation and communications facilities and equipment are to be
held intact and maintained in good condition.
military installations and establishment including airfields, seaplane bases, aircraft
defences, ports and naval bases, storage depots, permanent and temporary land end coastal
fortifications, fortresses, and other fortifications, installations and establishments,
all factories, plants, ships, research institutions, laboratories, testing storage depots,
permanent and plans, drawings and inventions designed or intended to produce or to
facilitate the production on and of all implements of war and other material and property
used by or intended for use by military or semi-military organizations in connection with
its operations are to be held intact and maintained in good condition.
III. The Supreme Headquarters in China, Formosa, and
French Indo-China of the forces which have been surrendered to the Generalissimo within
the time limit of the receipt of this order will furnish complete information for their
respective areas concerning the following:
Lists of all land, air, and anti-aircraft units showing
locations and strengths in officers and men.
Lists of all aircraft military, naval, and civil, giving
complete information as to the number, type, location, and condition of such aircraft.
Lists of all Japanese and Japanese controlled naval
vessels, surface and submarines and auxiliary naval craft in or out of commission and
under construction, giving their position and condition.
List of, and position and condition of, all Japanese and
Japanese controlled merchant ships of over 100 gross tonnes in or out of commission and
under construction, including merchant ships formerly belonging to any of the United
Nations which are now in the Japanese hands.
Complete and detailed information accompanied by maps,
showing locations and layouts of all the mines, minefields, and other obstacles to
movement by land, sea, or air, and the safety lanes in connection therewith.
Locations and descriptions of all military installations
and establishments, including airfields, seaplane bases, anti-aircraft defenses, ports and
naval bases, storage depots, permanent and temporary land and coast fortifications,
fortresses and other fortified areas.
Location of all camps and other places of detention of
United Nations prisoners of war and civilian internees required under paragraph II F
The Supreme Headquarters in China, Formosa, and Indo-China of the forces surrendered to
the Generalissimo shall be prepared, on instructions from the occupation commanders
representing the Generalissimo to furnish the names and addresses of Japanese civilians
residing in their respective areas and to collect and deliver all arms in the possession
of such Japanese civilian population. The
Headquarters named above will immediately notify all Japanese civilians that until further
notice from appropriate authorities representing the Generalissimo they will remain in the
vicinity of their present residence and will keep the local Japanese commander advised of